Question from the Internet:
“There is perpetual peace as stated by Kant, but how can we argue why wars happen and their implications for the liberal world order?”
I am not sure why Kant said what he said. Human history is a perpetual state of war, interrupted by failing, temporary peace agreements, ceasefires.
Only 80 years after the terrible 2nd World War, still having with us people who experienced it, survived it, we are now on the brink of another World War which could wipe most of humanity out.
And besides the obvious, open wars we have Cold Wars, covert wars, constant conflicts, upheavals in our societies even in our families.
The reason is that in truth, we are all born for war. We are all “warriors”, warmongerers, driven by our inherently egocentric, subjective, fiercely and proudly individualistic and exploitative nature. We all thrive in ruthless competition, we constantly compare ourselves to others and get real, greatest pleasure from the failures, losses, defeats of others while constantly succeeding at their expense.
Of course, the whole of Nature is built on elements, parts, living beings that fight for their own survival existence. But apart from humans, no other part of Nature pursues its existence at the expense of the overall, general balance. No other part of Nature finds conscious pleasure from taking what others have, manipulating, torturing, controlling, killing others without any actual necessity apart from enjoying total control over others.
We can’t live, progress without differences of opinions, without arguments, conflicts. We cannot directly suppress or erase anything from our inherent nature. Our individual national identity, personal uniqueness is indestructible.
But we can consciously, methodically, purposefully learn — based on Nature’s integral template — how to harness our instincts, how to harness all our inclinations, tendencies towards sustaining, strengthening the overall balance band homeostasis life and optimal development depends on.
Our Human advantage in Nature is in this conscious adaptation to Nature’s system, we are unique as we can consciously, proactively rise above our blind instincts and facilitate and constantly renew a dynamic “peace” — wholeness, mutual complementation — above and against everything that would instinctively separate, reject us from each other.
With this unique contrast between our instinctive and learned behaviour, between inherent hate, war and consciously, methodically acquired love and unity we get a total, objective attainment of Natural reality.
This fragile, dynamic, constantly, consciously maintained peace over “almost war” is something only Human beings can achieve. This is the template for “true life” no other part of Nature can be conscious of.