Question from the Internet:
“How did the concept of law and justice arise in early human societies?”
Law and justice developed as assisting means to try to help in building stable, sustainable and relatively just and peaceful societies.
We need these means because through our inherent nature — if we allow our nature to act without restraints, we cannot build positive, constructive and sustainable connections with each other.
We are all born with a 100% self-serving, self-justifying, subjective and individualistic nature. We make calculations by default only to maximally fulfil our own needs and desires — most of the time doing this at the expense of others, knowingly or unknowingly.
Inherently we all hold the truth of “what is mine is mine, and what is yours is yours”, regardless of people’s individual abilities, qualities and actual conditions.
So naturally, some people, who have better qualities and abilities by birth and/or have better access to resources and have favourable conditions achieve greater status, power and wealth in society while others who have different, less favourable abilities and worse conditions remain below, fighting for survival. By upholding the inherent “truth” of “what is mine is mine and what is yours is yours” this gap constantly grows until society becomes unsustainable and explodes.
So we developed law and justice and also developed the notion of peace to try to keep human society functioning. But as we can see from the helplessly recurring, vicious historic cycles, we have been unsuccessful since the original egocentric, subjective and individualistic human nature constantly evades, distorts and corrupts whatever ideology, law or justice we set up and human society always ends up arranged according to a pyramid structure — a small minority controlling, manipulating and exploiting the masses.
We will not be able to build better and sustainable human societies — and it does not matter what political, social or economic systems we try, what laws and justice systems we use — until we finally understand our own inherent nature, we can recognize and sort all the actual desires and intentions that drive us and then start willingly and consciously change ourselves.
Only changed and further developed human beings — that become capable of accepting and selflessly serving, complementing each other above and against their inherent nature — can build a changed human society.